How To: 5 Steps to Install phpMyAdmin on Linux

Do you have a MySQL database in your environment? Did you know that the easy (and most effective) way to manage MySQL database is using phpMyAdmin?

phpMyAdmin is a web-based tool written in PHP to manage the MySQL database. Apart from viewing the tables (and other db objects), you can perform lot of DBA functions through the web based interface. You can also execute any SQL query from the UI.

This article will provide step-by-step instructions on how to install and configure phpMyAdmin on Linux distributions.

1. phpMyAdmin Pre requisites

Make sure you have PHP 5 (or above) installed.

# php -v
PHP 5.3.2 (cli) (built: May 19 2010 03:43:49)

Make sure you have MySQL 5 (or above) installed.

# mysql -V
mysql  Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.1.47, for pc-linux-gnu (i686) using readline 5.1

Make sure Apache is installed and running.

PHP5 Modules

If you don’t have PHP, I recommend that you install PHP from source. Following is the configure command I executed while installing PHP from source. This includes all the required PHP modules for phpMyAdmin.

./configure --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache2/bin/apxs --with-mysql --with-bz2 --with-zlib --enable-zip --enable-mbstring --with-mcrypt

If you don’t compile PHP5 with the above options, you’ll get following error message from phpMyAdmin web interface.

  • GZip – GZip compression and decompression requires functions (gzencode) which are unavailable on this system.
  • Bzip2 – Bzip2 compression and decompression requires functions (bzopen, bzcompress) which are unavailable on this system.
  • ZIP – Zip decompression requires functions (zip_open) which are unavailable on this system.
  • ZIP – Zip compression requires functions (gzcompress) which are unavailable on this system.

2. Download and Install phpmyadmin in Apache DocumentRoot

Identify your Apache’s DocumentRoot.

# grep DocumentRoot /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
DocumentRoot /usr/local/apache2/htdocs

Download the latest version of phpMyAdmin. Currently the stable version of phpMyAdmin is 3.3.7

# cd /usr/local/apache2/htdocs

# tar xvfz phpMyAdmin-3.3.7-all-languages.tar.gz

# mv phpMyAdmin-3.3.7-all-languages phpmyadmin

3. Secure the phpmyadmin Directory – Create phpmy user

Create phpmy Unix user.

# adduser phpmy

# passwd phpmy

Check which user and group is used by Apache.

# egrep 'User|Group' /usr/local/apache2/conf/httpd.conf
User daemon
Group daemon

Modify the phpmyadmin directory’s user ownership to phpmy user.

# cd /usr/local/apache2/htdocs

# chown -R phpmy.daemon phpmyadmin/

4. Update phpMyAdmin config.inc from Wizard

You need to setup the config.inc file properly for phpMyAdmin to work. You can either create and edit this file manually, or use the config phpMyAdmin installer setup wizard. I recommend that you use the setup wizard, as it is very straight forward. To do that, you should create the following dummy config.inc with proper permission.

# cd /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/phpmyadmin/

# mkdir config

# chmod o+rw config

# cp config.sample.inc.php config/config.inc.php

# chmod o+w config/config.inc.php

Now, invoke the phpMyAdmin setup wizard from the browser using the URL: http://{your-ip-address}/phpmyadmin/setup/index.php . This will show the following setup wizard.

Fig: phpMyAdmin Setup Wizard

Click on “New Server”, which will display following server wizard.

Fig: phpMyAdmin Create New Server

Fill-out following information in the new server screen. Leave other fields to default values.

  • Verbose Name of the Server – Give some descriptive server name.
  • Password for Config Auth – Enter the MySQL root password here.
  • Authentication Type – The default selection is cookie. Just use that.

Click on Save to save the configuration. You might see following warning messages. Ignore it for now.

  • Use SSL – You should use SSL connections if your web server supports it
  • PHP extension to use – You should use mysqli for performance reasons
  • Blowfish secret – You didn’t have blowfish secret set and have enabled cookie authentication, so a key was automatically generated for you. It is used to encrypt cookies; you don’t need to remember it.

5. Launch phpmyadmin

Invoke phpMyAdmin from the browser using the URL: http://{your-ip-address}/phpmyadmin/index.php

If you’ve installed phpMyAdmin on a Linux desktop distribution, you can also access phpMyAdmin using the localhost URL: http://localhost/phpmyadmin/index.php

Login with your MySQL root password. i.e use “root” for phpmyadmin username. Use MySQL root’s password for phpmyadmin password.

If you see the “Cannot load mcrypt extension. Please check your PHP configuration.” message, you didn’t compile your PHP with mcrypt. Make sure you have libmcrypt and libmcrypt-devel packages installed on your Linux before you compile PHP with –with-mcrypt option.

You will also see the message : “Directory config, which is used by the setup script, still exists in your phpMyAdmin directory. You should remove it once phpMyAdmin has been configured.”

Just like the message says, remove the config directory.

# cd /usr/local/apache2/htdocs/phpmyadmin

# rm -rf config

After moving the config directory, if you go to setup/index.php url, you’ll see following message. This is a good thing, as you’ve already configured the phpMyAdmin.

“Cannot load or save configuration. Please create web server writable folder config in phpMyAdmin top level directory as described in documentation. Otherwise you will be only able to download or display it.”

Once you’ve logged-in you should be able to manage all the MySQL databases from your browser.

Fig: phpMyAdmin DB Structures

Advertisements

Leave a Reply

Please log in using one of these methods to post your comment:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s